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母音語幹: i/uで終わる語幹の変化

iおよびuで終わる男性名詞の変化(kavi-「詩人」, pašu-「家畜」)
sg.du.pl.sg.du.pl.
N.kavihkavîkavayahpašuhpašûpašavah
V.kavepašo
Ac.kavimkavînpašumpašûn
I.kavinâkavibhyâmkavibhihpašunâpašubhyâmpašubhih
D.kavinayekavibhyahpašavepašubhyah
Ab.kavinehpašoh
G.kavyohkavînâmpašvohpašûnâm
L.kavaukavisupašaupašusu


iおよびuで終わる中性名詞の変化(vâri-「水」, madhu-「蜜」)
sg.du.pl.sg.du.pl.
N.vârivârinîvârînimadhumadhunîmadhûni
V.
Ac.
I.vârinâvâribhyâmvâribhihmadhunâmadhubhyâmmadhubhih
D.vârinevâribhyahmadhunemadhubhyah
Ab.vârinahmadhunah
G.vârinohvârînâmmadhunohmadhûnâm
L.vârinivârisumadhunimadhusu


iおよびuで終わる女性名詞の変化(mati-「思念」, dhenu-「牝牛」)
* du.は男性と同じ
sg.pl.sg.pl.
N.matihmatayahdhenuhdhenavah
V.matedheno
Ac.matimmatîhdhenumdhenûm
I.matyâmatibhihdhenvâdhenûh
D.mataye/matayainemathibhyahdhenave/dhenvaidhenubhyah
Ab.mateh/matyâhdhenoh/dhenvâh
G.matînâmdhenûnâm
L.matau/matyâmmatisudhenau/dhenvâmdhenusu

*
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